Differences between exclusive rights over the apartments and rights over buildings

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Please, explain briefly but as clearly as possible the scope of the rights relating (exclusively) to the apartments and the ones relating to the building or to the communal elements owned jointly.

As for ownership of apartments as separate parts of the real property, it is important to emphasise that an apartment owner is the exclusive owner of the separate part, where other apartment owners in the same building have no ownership rights.

However, the ownership of condominium units is inextricably linked with the co-ownership of the building as a whole, where the share of co-ownership is either precisely defined or is presumed to be equal for all.  With regard to common parts and devices in buildings, all owners of separate parts are also co-owners of those common parts.

This means that an apartment owner may sell, encumber or inherit their apartment (or the whole co-owned part of the real property) independently of other condominium units owners in the same building.