Presentation of applications

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In the Republic of Croatia, there are currently 65 municipal courts with 108 LR offices in total. In the second instance, there are 15 appeals courts (second-instance courts) solving the appeals in the land registration procedure when it is not the jurisdiction of a land registration court judge.

The application to register must be submitted to the land registration court under whose jurisdiction a real property, that is the subject of the registration, falls so if the applications to register would be applied to the court not having the local jurisdiction, then the court, to which the application was filed, should declare its jurisdiction null and void and should sent the file to the court in charge.

The application to register can be submitted in person to the land registration court (or by proxy: lawyer, public notary or some other person authroized for the representation) or by postal mail. At the moment, there is no possibility to file an application by e-mail or some other electronic means.

If it is not possible to conclude, on the basis of the application to register and the submitted tabular deeds, to which real property the application refers, then the land registration file containing the real property is flagged, after the application to register has been submitted, and the flag has the effect of keeping the order of priorities but also shows to all that an application to register has been filed with regard to a certain real property.

The payment of the real property taxes of 1996 no longer constitutes a precondition for completing the registration.

When talking about the land registration records, it has to be stressed that there are three types of land registration records in the LR system of the Republic of Croatia: registration; pre-registration and notation. Registration is an entry allowing unconditional acquisition of registry rights (ownership, lien,, fiduciary), pre-registration is an entry allowing acquisition of registry rights under the condition of a future justification while the notation is an entry recording legal facts in the land registers, along with the personal relations of relevance for the real property transactions.