1. Which agency/government body/authority is responsible for land registration?
In the Republic of Croatia, municipal courts are responsible for the land registry system and they perform this as part of their regular duties.
The Ministry of Justice has no direct authority over keeping the land registers because the courts are self-relying and independent in their work but, according to the present organisation, it performs organisational tasks such as ensuring budgetary funds for the operation of courts, takes care of approving the recruitment, ensures the material resources required for work operations.
Therefore, municipal courts are responsible for land registration and, in each court, there are land registration judges, licensed land registration clerks and clerks for authorisations passing the decisions in land registration procedures.
2. If the responsibility for property registration is dealt with by an agency/authority, to which government department is it responsible to?
3. How is the organization managed?
4. Describe the organisational framework:
5. How is the agency/government body/authority funded?
6. Are the staff of the agency/government, department/authority civil servants?
7. Who is responsible for cadastral/mapping information? Is it the same organisation or a separate agency/department?
The State Geodetic Administration is responsible for the cadastre. It is an independent administrative body under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Construction. The State Geodetic Administration has its seat in Zagreb and regional offices and branch offices in counties and larger towns as well as the City of Zagreb. Therefore the cadastre is the other relevant State body keeping cadastral information on the real property.
8. What are the principal functions of the registering department/agency/authority?
The functions of a land registration court are: keeping the land registers in its territorial jurisdiction, deciding on applications for registering in land registers and renewal and establishment of land registers in its territory. Besides, LR courts issue extracts from land registers and print-outs from the Land Database.
9. What are the key values/principles underpinning registration of title in your system?
The principle of publicity – land registration system is a public system and anyone has the right to access it.
The principle of priority – the one requesting to register first will, if acting in good faith, acquire a title.
The principle of registration – the registration titles are, based on legal transactions, acquired only after the registration in the land registers and not after concluding a valid contract.
10. What registration system of property do you have in your country (title/deed)?
Land registers record titles over the real property, ownership right and other rights in rem, some obligatory rights i.e. the title system.