Precautions when opening a new land registry file

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1. Are there any special precautions at the land registry services in order to avoid errors when opening a new file?

No, there are no special precautions.

2. If an error occurs and a land registry file describes the same immovable for a second time, what is legally determined to do?

Apart from cases described by law as “obvious errors” (minor errors and not total repetition of a file), that can be corrected by the Land Registrar, all other cases of errors require a court decision for the correction of the LR file.

Is there a different procedure depending on whether the new file repeats totally a previous file or only a part of a previous file?

See answer above under Question no 2.

3. Once the error is identified what happens to the rights and the charges registered in both files? And what about subsequent entries?

The sort of rights deriving from subsequent entries and whether they should be protected is an issue to be dealt with by the court when ruling over the correction of the entries.

4. Is there any internal (intra-system) land registry procedure to solve this sort of problem or does it require judicial intervention?

See answer above under Question no 2.