1. Are there any special precautions at the land registry services in order to avoid errors when opening a new file?
There is no special precaution because the deed is the only document which the registration refers to. So the Italian registrar has only to check the correspondence between the deed and the “nota” that contains the relevant data for the publicity.
In case of differences between the deed and the “nota”, the latter can be rectified by a new “nota”. If the error is in the deed, it can be solved by a repairing notary deed and a new registration. In case of disagreement between parties, a court’s decision is necessary.
2. If an error occurs and a land registry file describes the same immovable for a second time, what is legally determined to do?
Not applicable in a deed system
Is there a different procedure depending on whether the new file repeats totally a previous file or only a part of a previous file?
3. Once the error is identified what happens to the rights and the charges registered in both files? And what about subsequent entries?
4. Is there any internal (intra-system) land registry procedure to solve this sort of problem or does it require judicial intervention?