Differences between exclusive rights over the apartments and rights over buildings

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Please, explain briefly but as clearly as possible the scope of the rights relating (exclusively) to the apartments and the ones relating to the building or to the communal elements owned jointly.

Scope of rights relating apartment (separate property) includes structurally and functionally enclosed premises or a group of premises in a residential house, which have been marked as an apartment, non-residential premises or artist’s workshop on the cadastral survey file.

Its walls, interior walls, ceilings, floors, enclosing windows and doors, pipes, chimneys, wiring (communications) and other home-related functionally indivisible components as well as all improvements, located in rooms or spaces within the complex and functionally associated auxiliary and ancillary buildings existing outside the apartment, which are acquired by the owner due process of law.

The separate property constructional must be separated from the rest of the apartment owners own the property.

Scope of rights relating to the property owned jointly includes external enclosing structures (including walls, architectural elements, the roof, windows and doors of premises for common use, also exterior doors) of the residential house and external premises thereof (galleries, balconies, loggias, terraces), internal load bearing constructions (including supporting walls and columns, as well as separate enclosing walls of the property), intermediate coverings (including heat and sound insulation layers), premises for common use (including attics, stairwells and cellars), as well as the engineering communication systems, devices servicing the residential house and other indivisible elements functionally associated with the exploitation of the residential house, which do not belong to an individual property (including the heating elements within the boundaries of the individual property, if their functional activity depends on the existing engineering communications of the joint property).

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