1. Are there any special precautions at the land registry services in order to avoid errors when opening a new file?
In the Netherlands, each plot of land is identified by means of a unique cadastral ID.
These cadastral ID`s are assigned through an automated system which prevents that one plot of land is assigned two (or more) different cadastral codes. Due to this reason and taking into consideration that the cadaster makes the land registry accessible through, amongst other search entries, the cadastral ID (art. 48 (1) (a) Kadw) and considering that both land registry and cadastral registration are administered by the Kadaster, it is technically impossible that such an error occurs in our system.
2. If an error occurs and a land registry file describes the same immovable for a second time, what is legally determined to do?
Is there a different procedure depending on whether the new file repeats totally a previous file or only a part of a previous file?
3. Once the error is identified what happens to the rights and the charges registered in both files? And what about subsequent entries?
4. Is there any internal (intra-system) land registry procedure to solve this sort of problem or does it require judicial intervention?