The Land Code deals with all important aspects of private real estate law: fixtures, purchase of land, mortgages, usufruct (tenement, rent and leasehold), easements and registration of rights to real property.

The Code states that all Sweden is divided into real properties. The division can only be changed by a legal cadastral procedure. It defines the legal boundaries between properties and the rights between neighbors. It gives rules about transfers, security, mortgages, easements, leaseholds and other encumbrances.

The Land Code also has regulations about the Register. Other principal legislation is the Real Property Formation Act, the Law on Stamp Duty at Land Register Authorities and the Ordinance on Land Registration. Planning and building is regulated by the Law on Planning and Building.